An offense of common law where one may forcibly and unlawfully hold, keep, detain and confine another person against their will.  Applies to an involuntary or coercive abduction and conveying away of a child, from their primary residence, without the will or consent of the custodial parent or guardian, and sending such child(ren) away with an intent to deprive another person of some right.  Refer to Abduction, Hague Convention or Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act (PKPA).

Kinship Care:

The full-time care, nurturing and guidance of a child by someone who is related to the child(ren) by family ties or by a significant prior relationship connection.


"Means that an act was done voluntarily and intentionally and not because of mistake or accident.  In the manner of legal pleadings, the word “knowingly”, or “well knowing”, will supplant the requirement for a positive averment in an indictment or declaration that the defendant knew the facts subsequently stated.  If the notice or knowledge is unnecessarily stated, the allegation may be rejected as a useless statement of matter wholly foreign and impertinent to the cause.  Refer to Surplusage.