NCMEC (National Center for Missing & Exploited Children):

NDNH (National Directory of New Hires):

A national database containing employee data from every state and Federal agency, including Unemployment Insurance (UI) data from State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs).  The program requires all employers to report newly hired persons to the State Directory of New Hires (SDNH) for submission to the NDNH where it is compared against financial child support order information contained in the Federal Case Registry (FCR) for possible enforcement of child support obligations by wage garnishment. Some data is also made available to states to find new hires that have been receiving unemployment insurance or other public benefits for which they may no longer be eligible, helping to reduce waste and fraud.  Refer to the FCR (Federal Case Registry).


The common law doctrine that if a person who owes another person the duty of support and fails to support such person, that person shall become liable to third parties who provide necessaries (food, shelter, clothing, etc.) to person owed a duty of support..  The dollar amounts are limited and vary from state to state.  Refer to Temporary Order of Support.

Negative Statute:

An act of the legislature expressed in negative terms, and so controls the common law by having no legal force in opposition.  Refer to Statute, Public Statute, Private Statute, Declaratory Statute, Perpetual Statute, Affirmative Statute, Penal Statute, Temporary Statute, or Classifications of Law.


Although definitions vary in Federal and state legislation, neglect is generally defined as any recent act, or failure to act, that results in the death of a child, or in an endangerment of a child, or the creation of an imminent risk of the death or serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse of a child.  Refer to Abuse, Child Abuse, or CAPTA (Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act).

Negotiated Settlement:

An agreement developed between opposing parties that settle the dispute without intervention from a neutral third-party provider such as mediation or arbitration. Refer to Agreement, Separation Agreement, or Property Settlement.

Net Estate:

The value of all real and personal property owned at death, minus liabilities or debts.  Refer to Estate, Assets, Property, Marital Property and Separate Property.

Net Income:

The sum of available earnings after withholding all mandatory deductions (payroll taxes, garnishments, etc.) from total (gross) income available for disposable and discretionary daily living.  Refer to Income, Imputed Income, or Gross Income.

Nolle Prosequi:

A Latin term meaning “will not prosecute” used as the formal entry in the court record declaring that the plaintiff in a civil suit will not proceed with the case.

Non Compos Mentis:

A Latin term meaning “not in control of mind”, or more generically not of sound mind, memory, or understanding. Used to designate all manner of mental deficiency the species of madness, whether it arise from idiocy; sickness, lunacy or drunkenness.  Refer to Incapacitated or Incompetent.

No-Fault Divorce:

A presumption of the ground for divorce as an irretrievable breakdown of the marriage where the parties can no longer live together and further attempts at reconciliation are impractical or futile, and not in the best interests of the parties.  No-fault divorce has the advantage of sparing each spouse the acrimony of the 'fault' processes, and the disadvantage of closing the eyes of the court to improper spousal behavior.  A no-fault divorce may be uncontested, in which instance the parties present an agreement for the approval by the court to grant a judgment of divorce. Or a no-fault divorce may be contested, in which case the parties request a trial court to determine the best interest of the parties (custody and financial child support, property division, spousal maintenance, etc.). Refer to Contested Divorce, Fault Divorce, Grounds for Divorce, or Uncontested Divorce.

Non-Custodial Parent:

A general reference to the parent who does not have legal physical custody or primary care of a child.  A non-custodial parent is usually responsible for payment of financial child support.  Refer to Custody or Obligor.

Non Obstante Verdicto:

A Latin term meaning “notwithstanding the verdict”, made in reference to the reversal of a jury's verdict by the court when the judge believes there were insufficient facts on which the jury could base the verdict, or that the verdict did not correctly apply the law.  This procedure is similar to a situation in which a judge orders a jury to arrive at a particular verdict, called a directed verdict.  Refer to Directed Verdict or Judgment.


The certification process by a notary public establishes the authenticity of a signature on a legal document.  Refer to Jurat.

Notary Public:

A licensed public officer who administers oaths, certifies documents and performs other specified functions by whose signature and seal is required to authenticate the signature on a legal documents.  Refer to Jurat.

Notice of Hearing:

A document served on the opposing parties announcing the date and place of a judicial proceeding, and the motion or motions that will be heard by the court.  Refer to Legal Notice.

Nulla Bona:

A Latin term meaning "no goods" made in reference to the finding a law enforcement officer would make on legal documents in the event no property may be seized in order to pay off a court judgment.  Refer to Lien, Attachment, Injunction, Judgment, or Marital Property.

Nullity of Marriage:

Refer to Annulment.


Of, or pertaining to, marriage.  Refer to Marriage.